Automotive SPICE® Assessors
In 2005, Automotive SPICE® was published for the first time by the “Automotive Special Interest Group”. In the meantime, the current version 4.0 of this standard has been established worldwide and is used by leading OEMs and suppliers to evaluate the development processes of software-based systems in and around the vehicle. The name “SPICE” stands for “Software Process Improvement and Capability Determination”.
Automotive SPICE® is based on the ISO/IEC 330xx series of standards and conforms to its basic requirements. Automotive SPICE® has defined its own Process Reference Model (PRM) and Process Assessment Model (PAM) based on the latest version of the ISO/IEC 330xx series. These models describe the processes as well as the indicators for the assessment of these processes.
The demands of the market for environmental friendliness, safety, economic efficiency and user-friendliness force innovations with increasing complexity at ever shorter intervals. The associated shorter development times, in conjunction with increasing demands on reliability, make it essential to monitor and improve the development processes in software-based system development.
The current version 4.0 including the associated guideline was elaborated by the working group 13 of the VDA QMC, and contains significant improvements with regard to the current trends in the development of modern vehicle electronics and software.
Automotive SPICE® consists of two dimensions: the process dimension and the capability dimension.
The process dimension contains the processes included in Automotive SPICE® which have been explicitly defined for application within the automotive industry.
The capability dimension contains the six process capability levels from level 0 to level 5, according to the definitions from the ISO/IEC 330xx series. In addition, the capability dimension specifies how a certain level ia achieved. When performing an assessment, the capability of each individual process in scope is evaluated, thus one obtains a detailed picture of the strengths and improvement potentials of the examined project. A consolidated level for a project or a company does not exist.
The six capability levels in Automotive SPICE® represent the capability of a process as analysed in the project.
Level 0 means that the expected results of a process do not exist, are incomplete or unsuitable, or that the process activities are not carried out.
At level 1, it can be stated that the results of the process exist, but that they have not been controlled and that the process activities are not controlled either.
At level 2, the implementation of the process activities is planned and monitored, responsibilities are clarified and the process results are systematically filed and quality assured.
From level 3, standard processes are defined in the assessed organisational unit, which are also implemented in the project.
At levels 4 and 5, statistical indicators are defined for process implementation, which are collected during process implementation and used for further improvement.
The process dimension describes the 32 processes of the Automotive SPICE®model, which are divided into 3 categories and 11 groups.